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Heathrow Airport – General Information

 
Airport Owner:       Heathrow Airport Holdings Limited (formerly BAA)
January 2014  “Heathrow Airport Holdings Limited is in turn owned by FGP Topco Limited, a consortium owned and led by the infrastructure specialist Ferrovial S.A. (25.00%), Qatar Holding LLC (20.00%), Caisse de dépôt et placement du Québec (13.29%), the Government of Singapore Investment Corporation (11.88%), Alinda Capital Partners (11.18%), China Investment Corporation (10.00%) and Universities Superannuation Scheme (USS) (8.65%) “
Airport Operator:      Heathrow Airport Holdings Limited.
Company page at http://www.heathrowairport.com/about-us/company-news-and-information/company-information
Heathrow is  by far the largest airport in the  UK, and one of the busiest in the world.  About halt the destinations are short-haul. 
Master Plan:       ‘Interim’ Master Plan 2005
Consultative  Committee:       Heathrow Area Consultative Committee

Local residents’ or airport opposition groups:

HACAN  is the main group.  www.hacan.org.uk

and NoTRAG  (No Third Runway Action Group)

and Richmond Heathrow Campaign      


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Reporting complaints about Heathrow aircraft noise

This is  Heathrow Airport’s page on which people can report a noise complaint (they delicately call them noise enquiries).   Heathrow says:

“Let us know about a noise incident in your area.                                       Log a noise enquiry  “

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This is Heathrow’s webpage on aircraft noise http://www.heathrowairport.com/noise
with many links to associated topics
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Heathrow publications

Publications about Heathrow, showing why it does not need to expand, and why it should not be expanded.   Reports on Heathrow 


Analysis of flights, routes, and top 10 destinations from Heathrow Airport in 2011.                  Also carbon emissions.   And passenger growth and numbers over the past 15 years. http://www.awsw.co.uk/allco2/LHR_co2.html


 Heathrow’s busiest international routes in 2012.

Table from Wikipedia. Their data is from the CAA at  http://www.caa.co.uk/docs/80/airport_data/2012Annual/Table_12_1_Intl_Air_Pax_Route_Analysis_2012.pdf

Just the top 20 are shown – the original on Wikipedia has the entire list.

Heathrow top 2012 destinations

Of the domestic routes, in 2012 only Edinburgh would feature in the top 20.

                 Edinburgh 1,254,993                  Decrease 1.3

It would be the 9th busiest route.  Glasgow is the 2nd busiest domestic route with  828,532 passengers in 2012 – it would not come near the top 20 routes (about 26th).


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Data taken from the Heathrow Wikipedia page.  Their data is from the CAA airport statistics.

Heathrow pax cargo ATMs 200 to 2012 Caa data    2013     Passengers  72,332,900  up + 3.4%     Cargo 1,423,013 tonnes. down – 2.8%                                  ATMs 469,552    down – 0.4%


 

Heathrow’s terminals

Terminal 1 opened in 1968. To close in 2016.
Terminal 2  - new one due to open in June 2014
Terminal 3 opened in 1961
Terminal 4 opened in 1985
Terminal 5 opened in March 2008

Heathrow website: “Passenger volume by terminal (millions) 2012″:

  • Terminal 1 – 13.6 million passengers on 119,183 flights
  • Terminal 2 – closed for construction
  • Terminal 3 – 18.6 million passengers on 96,326 flights
  • Terminal 4 – 9.8 million passengers on 59,955 flights
  • Terminal 5 – 28.1 million passengers on 193,440 flights

CAA Aviation Statistics for Heathrow:

 Terminal passengers
UK Airport Statistics: 2012 – annual  (Table 10.3)  Terminal Passengers  2002 – 2012
2013   72,300,000  (up + 3.4% on 2012)
2012   69,983,139  (up + 0.9% on 2011)
2011   69,390,628  (up 5.5% on 2010)
2010   65,745  (almost no change on 2009)  link to 2010 data
2009   65,908 (down – 1.5% on 2008)
2008   66,907 (down -1% on 2007)
2007   67,852
2006   67,339
2005   67,683
2000   64.227
1996   55,726

Air Transport Movements

Number of ATMs (thousands)

UK Airport Statistics: 2012 – annual  (Table 4.2) ATMs 2002 – 2012

2013   469,552  (down – 0.4% on 2012)
2012   471,382  (down -1% on 2011)
2011   476,304 (up 6% on 2010)
2010   449 (down -2% on 2009)   link to 2010 data
2009   460 (down -2.8% on 2008)
2008   473 (almost no change from 2007)
2007   476
2006   471
2005   472
2000   480
1996   427

Air Freight:  

(tonnes)
 

UK Airport Statistics: 2012 – annual  (Table 13.2) Freight 2002 – 2012

2013    1,423,013 tonnes (down – 2.8% on 2012)  
2012    1,464,390  (down – 1% on 2011)
2011    1,484,488   (up 0.8% on 2010)
2010    1,472,988  (up +15% on 2009)    link to 2010 data
2009   1,287,297  (down - 8.7% on 2008)
2008   1,397.054   (up 7% on 2007)
2007   1,310,987
2006   1,263,129
2005   1,305,686
2000   1,306,907
1996   1,040,486
 

 

 Proportion of domestic passengers, out of total passengers
CAA statistics, annual figures  – comparing Tables 9 and 10.2

2006     8.9%
2007     8.5%
2008     8.3%

Business Aviation:  Number of business flights (= private jets) 
CAA statistics, annual figures - Table 3.1

2007       1,634 (+ 1,309 air taxis)
2008       1,935  ( + 973 air taxis)

 


Heathrow facts and figures, from the BAA website:

Figures for 2009
(updated November 2010)
and updated for 2012

Size   Total size of Heathrow Airport: 1,227 hectares

Number of runways: 2

Length of runways:  Northern 3,902m x 45m. Southern 3,658m x 45m.

 Movements  Annual air transport movements in 2009: 460,026  [ In 2012 : 471,341 ].

Daily average air transport movements: 1,260 [  In 2012: 1,288 ].  2% more

Vehicles per day/week passing through the tunnel: Approx 50,000 per day (entering the Central Terminal Area) 350,000 per week.

 Aircraft stands    Number of aircraft stands served by an air bridge: 112     Number of remote stands: 83

Destinations and airlines     Number of airlines: 88      Number of destinations served: 185 [Updated 2012   Number of airlines: 84    Number of destinations served: 184 (in 80 countries) ]   [They said in 2010:  Number of airlines: 89    and Number of destinations served: 176 (in 90 countries) in 2010 ].

Most popular destinations in 2009:

  • New York (JFK)
  • Dubai
  • Dublin
  • Amsterdam
  • Hong Kong
  • Most popular destinations in 2010:
    • New York (JFK)
    • Dubai
    • Dublin
    • Amsterdam
    • Paris (CDG)

Most popular destinations in 2012 (Frankfurt replaces Hong Kong and Paris):

  • New York (JFK)
  • Dubai
  • Dublin
  • Frankfurt
  • Amsterdam

 

Employment   [No employment figures are given on the above page for 2012].

Number of BAA staff at Heathrow in 2010: 4,385  (But they claim 6,422 in 2010)

Total employment at Heathrow Airport in 2010: 77,000  (compared with 76,500 in 2010)

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Total jobs sustained by  Heathrow across the UK: Approx 170,000

 Passenger numbers    Number of passengers arriving and departing per day: average 180,600 (split 50/50 between arriving and departing) [They say  191,200 for 2012].

Number of passengers arriving and departing in 2009: 65.9 million [70 million in 2012].

Busiest day ever  recorded (passenger numbers): 18 July  2010 with 232,000 [They update this to 31 July 2011 with 233,561 after 2012]

Busiest month ever  recorded (passenger numbers):  July  2010 with 6.7  [No 2012 update]

Busiest year ever recorded (passenger numbers): 2005 with 67.69 million [Updated to 2012 with 69.98 million ].

Percentage of international passengers in 2009: 92% (60.6 million) [ 93% (65.3 million) in 2012]  [  in 2010: 93% (60.9 million) ]

Percentage of domestic passengers in 2009: 8% (5.3 million) [7% (4.7 million)  in 2012 ].

Percentage of business travellers in 2009: 33.7% (22.2 million) [ 30% (20.7 million) in 2012].   [ in 2010: 35.3% (23.2 million) ].

Percentage of passengers visiting friends and relatives in  2009: 30.2% (19.9 million)

Percentage of other leisure travellers  in  2009: 36.1% (23.8 million) [ "Other leisure" in 2012 70% (49.3 million) ].

Percentage of transfer passengers: 37.5% (24.7 million) [ 37% (26.0 million) in 2012 ].  [  in 2010: 35.4% (23.3 million) ].

Percentages of domestic, European, North American and other long haul passengers
in 2009:

  • Domestic – 8.0%
  • Europe – 39.2%
  • North Atlantic – 22.4%
  • Other long haul – 30.4%

 

Passenger volume by terminal (millions) 2009:

  • Terminal 1 – 12.0 million
  • Terminal 2 – 3.9 million (Terminal 2 was closed for reconstruction in November
    2009)
  • Terminal 3 – 20.4 million
  • Terminal 4 – 5.1 million (Terminal 4 was refurbished and was not used at capacity
    for much of 2009)
  • Terminal 5 – 24.4 million

Total airport: 65.9 million passengers

Passenger profile: AB: 49%; C1: 41%, C2: 8%, DE: 2%

 Cargo tonnage    in 2009:   1.3 million metric tonnes


Heathrow income from retail

Report 2011 
21.3% of income in 2010 compared to 53.1% from aeronautical. At about £5.73 per passenger, the highest of any European airport (with Gatwick the 2nd highest).
 BAA Heathrow retail: About £325 million in 2007 and 2008. About £350 m in 2009. About £390 million in 2010.
Heathrow retail income: Origin and destination passengers higher spenders than transfer passengers – in terminal and they use car park
BAA Heathrow retail: Women higher spenders than men. Men are 57% of the total. Frequent fliers spend more than infrequent fliers

 

Heathrow expansion, in graphics, from 2007

(BBC article   23.11.2007     http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk_politics/7107693.stm)

The UK’s largest airport, Heathrow in London, might have had a third runway as

well as a sixth terminal building. The graphics below show the site of the plans for an expanded Heathrow Airport,
as well noise footprints and some estimates for the flight paths that might have
been   used.

 

Creating a new 2,200m runway just north of the A4, as well as a new terminal
would have  meant 700 properties, including the village of Sipson, would have been
destroyed.
Key:
2002     Recent noise footprint showing sound at 57 decibels – the point at which
the government says noise becomes “a community annoyance”. There were 466,000
Air Transport Movements (ATMs) in 2002; defined as a plane taking off or landing.
2015    Estimated noise contour if planes were taking off and landing on both
of Heathrow’s runways. 540,000 ATMs a year, but before a third runway is built.
2030    A third noise contour projection showing three runways in action with
702,000 ATMs a year.
The graphic illustrates broad flight paths with an annual amount of 540,000 ATMs.
This option shows what might happen before a third runway is up and running. The
red boundary represents the area estimated to experience noise levels of 57 decibels.
Note: Flight paths are subject to change
Here (and in the graphic above) both runways are in use for take offs and landings,
currently planes land at one runway until 3pm and then on the other one for the
rest of the day. This is to give residents near each runway half a day’s break
from the noise. The swathes finish at the point planes are expected to reach 4,000ft.
The red boundary represents the area estimated to experience noise levels of 57
decibels.     http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk_politics/7107693.stm

For details of the Heathrow Third Runway threat, and the history of the saga over the past 10 or more years, see 
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For an AirportWatch quick briefing on how aircraft noise is measured
How aircraft noise is measured – and how the technique is flawed
Also “Aircraft noise – an introduction”
For much more information on Heathrow, see
Heathrow Airport Expansion