The move comes in the wake of last week’s announcement that Flybe had sold all its take-off and landing slots at Gatwick airport to easyJet for £20m, prompting concerns about the Inverness-Gatwick service. High levels of APD and landing charges at London airports were cited by Flybe as factors in their decision.
Mr Brown said: “Whilst we have sought and received welcome assurances from easyJet on its continuing commitment to Inverness, there can be no guarantees at this stage that overall capacity and service provision will not be diminished.
“Myself and other Scottish ministers have raised the issues of APD and access to London with Danny Alexander and his colleagues in the Treasury repeatedly, warning of the danger both presented to the Scottish economy.
“Perhaps now that Mr Alexander’s own constituency in the Highlands is set to suffer the consequences, these warnings might be taken more seriously.” He said the punitive levels of APD are cited repeatedly by airlines and airports as obstacles to securing new routes and maintaining the existing ones.
VisitScotland chairman Mike Cantlay said: “Times are tough for tourism businesses and visitors are increasingly looking for best value. We need the UK Government to look at how we can make our tourism industry more competitive.
“There are major concerns that the UK and Scotland may price itself out of the market for overseas visitors.”
Call to devolve air duty before 2014 Games
The Scottish government, airports and tourism leaders have called on the UK government to devolve Air Passenger Duty (APD) before the 2014 Commonwealth Games and the Ryder Cup.
They said high APD charges could put off tourists from flying to attend the Glasgow and Perthshire events.
Last year, a report from Scotland’s three largest airports said APD could lead to a cut in passengers.
It said the Scottish economy could lose £210m a year in tourism spend by 2016.
A UK Treasury spokesman said: “Whether to devolve air passenger duty to Scotland remains under review.”
The level of APD depends on the country to which an airline passenger is flying.
When flying from any British airport there are four bands based on the distance between London and the capital city of the destination country, ranging from £13 to £184.
There is concern that the duty is applied uniformly across the UK, with no consideration given to the differences between a large hub airport like Heathrow, and smaller regional airports such as Dundee.
The majority of MSPs believe the Scottish Parliament should have control over the aviation tax.
Transport Minister Keith Brown said: “Scotland will welcome the world in 2014 courtesy of the Commonwealth Games and Ryder Cup, and yet we are in the absurd situation of increasing costs for people who intend to visit Scotland.
“The ‘World Economic Forum, Travel & Tourism Competitiveness Report 2013’ shows that the UK has amongst the highest aviation taxes and charges in the world, ranked 139th out of 140. [That is because aviation is generally not taxed, due to outdated agreements dating back to the 1920s when air travel was a novel industry].
“I would urge the UK government to deliver devolution of APD as soon as possible so that we can develop a regime that makes Scotland more competitive.”
A Transport Scotland study found that a family of four on a return flight in economy class from the US would have to pay £268 in air passenger duty. [ie. They are paying £67 each].
A couple from Spain would have to pay £26 to fly home from Scotland. [ie. only £13 each].
Mike Cantlay, chairman of VisitScotland, said: “As we look ahead to the spectacular opportunity to reposition Scottish tourism when Scotland welcomes the world in 2014, I know that the industry is extremely anxious about how accessible and competitive Scotland will be in terms of access by air.”
Gordon Dewar, chief executive of Edinburgh Airport, said airlines were questioning the viability of basing planes in Scotland because of APD.
Comparing rail with air ticket price – even paying APD travel by air is still cheaper
[Even for domestic flights within the UK, on which APD is charged for both parts of a return journey – as both take off from UK airports – the cost of air travel is generally cheaper than the equivalent rail journey.
For instance, taking a random trip – London to Aberdeen, for one person, travelling on 5th June and returning on 6th June, the cost by rail is about £147 at the cheapest link and around £100 by air link .]
Concerns over Flybe’s Gatwick slots sell-off to Easyjet
Business leaders and politicians have raised concerns over the future of Inverness’s links with London Gatwick.
A three-times-a-day service operated by Flybe is in doubt following the airline’s decision to sell all of its take-off and landing slots at Gatwick.
Easyjet, which also operates a Gatwick-Inverness service, is set to take over the slots next March in a £20m deal.
There are worries that the frequency and timings of the Inverness connections will be affected.
Transport Minister Keith Brown said he had been in contact with Easyjet.
He said: “The prospect of cuts to Inverness Gatwick services is deeply worrying and I have requested an urgent meeting with Easyjet, with a view to ensuring capacity on this service is maintained.
“While I welcome the confirmation that the current level of service will continue until March 2014, it is essential for the economic development of the Highlands region that the service is maintained beyond summer 2014.
“I have already had discussions with Easyjet this morning and will be keeping in regular touch to press the case.”
The Inverness and Scottish chambers of commerce, the Scottish Council for Development and Industry, Highland Council and politicians are among those raising concerns.
The sale is part of a cost-cutting programme for the airline. About 600 workers have been made redundant and pilots have agreed a 5% pay cut.
Flybe serves a number of destinations directly from its Gatwick hub, including Belfast, the Isle of Man, Guernsey, Jersey, Newcastle and Inverness.
The airline said the deal was subject to shareholders’ approval and that it would continue to operate all the slots until March 2014.
Stewart Nicol, of Inverness Chamber of Commerce, said the availability of connections at the moment meant Highland firms could do a day’s business in London.
Drew Hendry, leader of Highland Council, said he hoped Easyjet would recognise the importance of the Flybe service to the region’s economy.
Fraser Grieve, the Highlands and Islands manager for the Scottish Council for Development and Industry (SCDI), expressed concern about the deal and called for urgent steps to safeguard the flights.
He said: “Flybe’s decision highlights the vulnerability that regional routes into London face as a result of a lack of capacity at Heathrow and Gatwick Airports and the financial value of these slots.
“The air connections to and from Inverness are vital economic links and the move to Easyjet will likely result in both a loss of service and a lack of competition on the route.”
He added: “The UK’s leading international gateways must be able to accommodate the economic needs of the whole of the UK.
“Oil and gas services and food and drink in the north are two of the UK’s leading exports and they must be able to reach overseas markets. Tourists and investors must also be able to get to the north of Scotland.”
SNP MSPs have accused Lib Dem MP Danny Alexander of “hypocrisy” in a political row over the future of Gatwick-Inverness links.
Mr Alexander, who is MP for Inverness, Nairn, Badenoch and Strathspey and chief secretary to the Treasury, said “astronomical increases” in landing charges at Gatwick had hit Flybe hard.
Mr Alexander said: “Last year’s Civil Aviation Authority investigation changed nothing, but we need to press Gatwick to think again in the light of the damaging economy impact.
“There is clearly an opportunity for Easyjet to strengthen its Inverness to Gatwick services, but keeping early morning and late evening services will be critical for business, as will the ability easily to connect onto international flights.”
He added: “I welcome Easyjet’s positive commitment to building on its Inverness connections, as well Flybe’s commitment to maintaining its other services.”
However, the SNP said the cost of the UK government-levied Air Passenger Duty (APD) was to blame and had hampered Flybe’s ability to make its links profitable.
Fergus Ewing, SNP MSP for Inverness and Nairn, said: “The loss of these services would be a hammer blow for the Highlands.
“The Inverness Flybe service is the one used by Danny Alexander to get to Westminster – and now it is being withdrawn, in part because APD is too high.
“That is because of the taxation policies of Danny Alexander’s own government – and he is guilty of the most appalling hypocrisy on this issue.”
Liz Cameron, chief executive of Scottish Chambers of Commerce, said that both Scottish and UK governments had failed to protect the Gatwick-Inverness link.
She said: “Government action is required north and south of the border to help to sustain and grow Scotland’s aviation market.
“Our airports are working tirelessly to serve the needs of Scotland but they are being hamstrung by a lack of support from government.
“Our politicians at Westminster and Holyrood need to recognise the critical role that our air links play in our economy and deliver the right environment and support for both the airports and airlines.”
Easyjet said it was looking into the possibility of maintaining some of Flybe’s Highland links with London.
A spokeswoman said Easyjet was already committed to serving Inverness and carried twice as many passengers as Flybe to London each year.
With a hiatus over Britain’s aviation policy, the future of London’s airport is often seen as an issue for Londoners.
And while it’s a noisy row for those under the flight paths, the economic impact of the bottlenecks in London matters at least as much to those who fly in as those who fly out.
It matters most to those regional airports with passengers dependent on connecting to global flights.
While the competition authorities have stepped in to ensure competition on Heathrow’s links with both Edinburgh and Aberdeen, the break up of BAA’s control of Heathrow, Gatwick and Stansted is leading to less regulation.
Meanwhile, the high cost of landing/takeoff slots drives airlines to seek high returns on their investments, which tend to come from larger aircraft flying longer distances.
That hits connections to the rest of Britain. And while rail services into London have improved for much of England, travellers from Scotland still need to be able to connect by air.
At least as important, Scottish tourism – which is a big employer, particularly in the Highlands – needs competitive and well-timed air links through Heathrow and Gatwick, without which many inbound travellers may not be bothered heading north.
It’s an even bigger problem for Newquay in Cornwall, with slow train links and no other airline currently providing a service into Gatwick.