Hacan shows numbers of Heathrow flights over London boroughs – Hounslow & Richmond the worst
HACAN has produced a short paper looking at just how much the London boroughs, to the east of Heathrow, are affected by its noise. Using figures from Heathrow’s own data, it can be worked out how many planes (take offs and landings) fly over each area in a year. The study did not look at areas west of Heathrow, like Windsor, which are also very badly affected – largely by take offs. The wind blows approximately 70% of the time from the west, so that is when Heathrow is on “westerly operations”. HACAN’s research shows – predictably – that Hounslow is the most overflown. It gets the noise from all arrivals from the east, on both runways. It also gets all departures towards the east. That is around 240,000 per year – ie. half of all flights using Heathrow. Richmond is close behind in second place, with nearly as many (slightly fewer take offs). The boroughs of Lambeth, Southwark are close behind. A map of the London boroughs shows why this is. Other boroughs in London get not only the noise of Heathrow arrivals, but planes using London City airport too. These boroughs – especially Waltham Forest, and Southwark – suffer from both, and are therefore high on the list of the areas suffering the most planes overhead per year.
The Most Overflown Boroughs in London 2015/16
An analysis by HACAN of Heathrow arrivals (on westerly operations) and departures (on easterly operations)
In 2009 HACAN produced an analysis of the most overflown boroughs in London. We have updated it based on 2015 and, where available, 2016 statistics.
Hounslow, Richmond and Waltham Forest retain the top three positions. In 2009, Waltham Forest’s third place surprised most people, though possibly not the residents of Waltham Forest!
The other surprise may be that only three of the top twelve are West London boroughs. This reflects the fact that a lot of West London benefits from runway alternation (when planes switch runways at 3pm to give residents a half day’s break from the noise), together with the fact that West London is not overflown by London City aircraft.
The top 12 of the areas overflown by Heathrow arrivals from the east (on westerlies) and Heathrow departures towards the east
No of arriving aircraft per year
1. Hounslow 239,000
2. Richmond 200,400
3. Waltham Forest 190,000
4. Lambeth 189,900
5. Southwark 187,900
6. Wandsworth 178,400
7. Newham 176,000
8. Lewisham 172,500
9. Greenwich 165,000
10. Tower Hamlets 129,000
11. Croydon 116,000
12. Haringey 115,000
Map below showing location of boroughs.
Full map here (click on an area to see which borough it is)
[Windsor is also very heavily overflown, but is not a London borough]
How the analysis was carried out
•The figures are indicative. Precise figures would require a much more in-depth study which took detailed account of all the variables. But we believe the figures are broadly accurate. They are all taken from official sources. However, they are intended to provide a broad snapshot rather than a detailed analysis.
•We only factored in the planes which used London City and Heathrow Airports. We ignored planes using Northolt. We also ignored those which use other UK airports (over London they tend to be at a height where they don’t cause noise problems).
•We didn’t take into consideration the heights of the planes.
It is also worth stressing that, while it is clear Heathrow, in particular, impacts a large swathe of London, there are parts of most boroughs which are relatively unaffected by aircraft noise.
It is not surprising that Hounslow and Richmond top the list. They are the London boroughs closest to Heathrow. (Hillingdon, the borough in which Heathrow is situation, is parallel to the airport so it is overflown much less). They are overflown when planes are landing from the east – 70% of the time in a typical year – and when planes take off from the west – 30% of the time. It is worth saying, though, that there are few, if any, areas in either borough which are flown over all day long every day of the year.
Waltham Forest remains so high in the list because it is overflown by Heathrow aircraft when there is both an east and west wind blowing and has a lot of City aircraft.
The fact that Lambeth, Southwark and Lewisham are high on the list is a reflection of two things. The majority of aircraft landing at Heathrow when a west wind is blowing (70% of the year) overfly these boroughs. And when an east wind is blowing parts of each borough are overflown by London City aircraft.
Boroughs such as Ealing don’t feature in the top 12 or even top 15 simply because the days of the year they get aircraft noise are limited (only when an east wind is blowing). But on the days when they do get noise, it can be very bad indeed.
Newham retains a high position because it is overflown by Heathrow aircraft but principally because it contains London City Airport and all planes using City fly over it (but only for a short part of their journey).
Change from 2009
The most significant change is the fall in the number of flights over Islington, Camden and Hackney. When aircraft are landing from the north, it appears more of them are crossing the Thames further to the east than before. It means that more are crossing into Southwark, Lambeth and, even Lewisham, in a way they were not seven years ago.
Below are links to maps, taken from Heathrow’s website, which show all the arrivals and departures. The maps show the numbers of planes per year on each route.
http://www.heathrow.com/file_source/HeathrowNoise/Static/arr_west_2015b.pdf – arrivals when a west wind is blowing
http://www.heathrow.com/file_source/HeathrowNoise/Static/arr_east_2015b.pdf – arrivals when an east wind is blowing
http://www.heathrow.com/file_source/HeathrowNoise/Static/dep_west_2015.pdf – departures when a west wind is blowing
http://www.heathrow.com/file_source/HeathrowNoise/Static/dep_east_2015.pdf – departures when an east wind is blowing
Below is a small version of the first map – westerly arrivals.
In another seven years in will be beginning of 2024. If a third runway at Heathrow has overcome all the many hurdles in its way, it will be close to completion. Flight paths will be about to change.
But, even if the third runway doesn’t happen, flight paths will change because Heathrow, like all airports, will be required to bring in what is known as Precision Navigation. This is where, using new computer technology, aircraft landing and departing will be guided much more precisely.
Used well, this precision technology can have benefits for residents. It allows air traffic controllers to use multiple routes when guiding the planes. It would also allow for some dispersion where multiple routes were not practicable.
Heathrow has commissioned a wide-ranging study to look at how all this can be done most effectively. It is expected to be published in spring 2017.
London City Airport introduced Precision Navigation in 2016. However, it simply concentrated its routes, thus depriving people of the respite multiple routes would provide. There are hopes that it will review this decision in 2017.
If both Heathrow and London City introduce multiple routes and some dispersal – and coordinate their activities – a 2024/5 HACAN analysis could show an overall increase in the number of planes over each borough but a decrease in the number of planes over the majority of communities in most of the boroughs.
The exception would be the West London boroughs where it is difficult to see how, even with an element of respite, people would not get more planes if a third runway was built than they have today.
HACAN can be contacted at firstname.lastname@example.org
or on 0207 737 6641
Full paper at
This map (AirportWatch) indicates how much worse the noise would be with a Heathrow 3rd runway. Green lines are arrivals flight paths. ALL would create intense noise for Hounslow, which would be – by an even more significant percentage – the borough worst affected by plane noise.