EU agrees aviation emissions targets
by 10% by 2020 and 20% for shipping from 2005 levels, at international talks on
climate change, environment ministers agreed today.
be part of a new global deal on climate change to be worked out in Copenhagen
signal that the EU wants shipping and aviation to be part of an international
agreement. She added that a global levy on shipping and airline fuel could raise
€7-€12 billion per year and be an important source of money to help developing
countries adapt to climate change.
within the aviation and shipping sectors," Bill Hemmings of Transport and Environment,
a campaign group.
he said, pointing out that other sectors of the economy have to measure their
emissions against a tougher 1990 benchmark.
part of its negotiating position at the upcoming UN summit on
been reluctant to act, as the number of passengers and flights is rising sharply.
But earlier this year Ed Miliband, energy and climate change secretary, said that
the UK would return emissions to 2005 levels by 2050. “I don’t want to have a situation where only rich people can afford to fly,”
at 1.5% improvement in fuel efficiency each year, the vast majority from new planes
joining the fleet. The 10% does not look realistic.”
give the developing world to cope with global warming, a setback for the deal
negotiators hope to deliver in Copenhagen.
of which Britain would contribute €1bn, went unheeded. The European Commission
has proposed €15bn a year by 2020. The European parliament’s environment committee
this week put the figure at €30bn, but environmental lobby groups talk of €35bn.
who chaired the meeting. “There’s obviously been a lack of commitment.”
over how to split the bill wrecked preparation of such a deal at its last attempt,
before an EU summit in Brussels next week.
from central and eastern Europe who are seeking to minimise their share of the
overall bill. Eliot Whittington, at Christian Aid, said: “There is only one week
of formal negotiations left before Copenhagen. Brinksmanship of this nature is
a betrayal of millions of poor people.”