Heathrow welcomes China’s largest airline, and a new trade route to Guangzhou
China Southern, the largest Chinese airline, has now been able to get take off and landing slots at Heathrow for 3 flights a week to Guangzhou. This is the first direct flight to Guanzhou from the UK, though there are many other flights to Beijing, Shanghai and Hong Kong, from where connecting flights can be made to all the regional Chinese cities. BAA complains that it is limited in how many flights it can provide to China, that its European rivals have more, and that they have more direct routes. BAA says Paris, Frankfurt or Amsterdam airports will boast direct flights to Chengdu, Hangzhou, Wuhan, Xiamen, Nanjing, Shenyang and Qingdao this year. However, Heathrow manages around 21 flights per day to Miami, and large numbers to other non-business but profitable routes. Heathrow appears to have many more passengers each year travelling to China (Beijing, Shanghai and Hong Kong) than Frankfurt, Paris or Schiphol. See Comparison.
27 February 2012 (Heathrow Airport press release)
- China Southern will operate the first ever flights between London and Guangzhou from June
- New route expected to boost trade
- But UK falls further behind France, Germany and Holland in race for new routes to China
China Southern Airlines will begin flights on 6 June 2012 between Heathrow and Guangzhou, China’s third largest city. There will be three flights a week from Terminal 4 and Heathrow will be the only UK airport served by the airline. China Southern Airlines is the largest airline in China and the sixth largest in the world, operating a fleet of more than 300 aircraft.
The new route will be the first between the UK and Guangzhou and is expected to boost trade. More than 25% of all global economic growth over the next five years is expected to come from China and Guangzhou is the country’s third largest city. A recent report by Frontier Economics found that UK businesses trade 20 times as much with Emerging Market destinations that have a direct daily flight to the UK as they do with those countries that do not.
The deal has taken eight years to come to fruition with BAA first talking to the airline in 2004. Because Heathrow is full, operating at 99.2% of its permitted capacity, China Southern has had to wait for suitable take-off and landing slots to become available from other airlines before it has been able to add the new route.
The UK has missed out on trade, jobs and economic growth because of the Government’s cap on flights at the UK’s only hub. In the meantime the airline has flown to Paris, giving French companies an eight-year head start in building new trade links with China. Even now, Paris will have four times as many flights to Guangzhou than the UK.
While the UK is adding one new route to the world’s most important emerging market in 2012, its European competitors will serve a further seven additional routes to China’s interior. Paris, Frankfurt or Amsterdam airports will boast direct flights to Chengdu, Hangzhou, Wuhan, Xiamen, Nanjing, Shenyang and Qingdao this year, in addition to the flights to Guangzhou, Beijing and Shanghai served from the UK. [These flights to Paris etc don’t yet exist – all currently involve having a stop over, as do the flights from Heathrow].
Other airlines from major emerging economies would like to add new routes at Heathrow, but are unable to do so because of a lack of take-off and landing slots. A recent report by Frontier Economics found that there were twenty-one emerging market destinations with daily flights from Continental European hubs but not from Heathrow. This lack of connectivity is estimated to be costing the UK economy £1.2bn a year in lost trade.
Colin Matthews, Chief Executive Officer of BAA, said
“It is great news for the UK that China Southern is opening up a new route between Heathrow and Guangzhou. We are delighted that China Southern has chosen Heathrow, and we would like to welcome more flights from China Southern and other airlines that could bring jobs and growth to the UK. The centre of gravity in the world economy is shifting and Britain should be forging new links with economies like China. Instead a lack of hub airport capacity is causing us to fall further behind the rest of Europe.”
Number of passengers to China from Heathrow and its rivals
The data below show that there are many more passengers flying to China from Heathrow, (considering Hong Kong as China) in years for which data can be found. Though Heathrow may lack a few direct flights to a couple of regional airports in China, it appears to have more passengers travelling to and from China than Frankfurt, or Paris, or Schiphol. Figures below are for Beijing, Shanghai and Hong Kong (not other regionals).
About 1,113,000 passengers for Paris Charles de Gaulle airport.
About 757,100 passengers for Frankfurt Airport. (2010)
About 1,061,500 passengers for Schiphol (2009)
And 2,074,826 passengers to China including Hong Kong in 2011 for Heathrow.
And 1,993,593 passengers to China including Hong Kong in 2010 for Heathrow. And 2,065,130 passengers in 2009.
|Paris CDG ? 2010? 2011?||?||512,000||601,000||1,113,000|
Total annual passengers at Heathrow and its European rivals
For total passengers using the airports, in the 2008 ranking, Heathrow was 3rd in the world, behind Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta with 90,039,200 and O’Hare Chicago 69,353,600. Heathrow has many more than even its nearest rival inEurope, Paris Charles de Gaulle.
3. Heathrow 2008 67,056,200 2011 69,433,230
5. Paris-Charles de Gaulle 2008 60,852,000 2011 60,970,551
9. Frankfurt 2008 53,467,450 2011 56,440,000
11.MadridBarajas 2008 50,823,100 2011 49,662,512
14.AmsterdamSchiphol 2008 47,429,700 2011 49,755,252
http://bit.ly/12tzSx (2008 data from Airports Council International) (2011 data, Wikipedia)
How many flights does Heathrow actually have to the emerging economies?
March 5, 2012 There have been letters in the Sunday Times and in the Sunday Telegraph from lists of business people, in support of airport expansion in the south east, and demanding reconsideration of a third runway at Heathrow. They claim that Heathrow is lagging behind Schiphol, Paris Charles de Gaulle and Frankfurt airport in the number of flights to the emerging and rapidly growing economies. And that therefore the UK will be condemned to an economic backwater if vast amounts of concrete are not poured, and another runway is not provided. But what is the actual situation? Are there really not enough flights to emerging economies from Heathrow? Are the numbers to some destinations low just because there really is not the demand (however much UK business might like there to be the demand)? We investigate what flights there really are from Heathrow already. Click here to view full story…
What destinations are served by Frankfurt, Paris and Heathrow airports, and how many passengers travel to Chinese destination?
This is the map, from Wikipedia, of destinations served by direct flights from Heathrow.
This is the map, from Wikipedia, of destinations served by direct flights from Frankfurt.
Paris Charles de Gaulle airport
? 2011 or 2010?
|Rio de Janeiro||505,000|
So that was 601,000 + 512,000 = 1,113,000 passengers to China – including Hong Kong – from Paris Charles de Gaulle in either 2011 or 2010.
|1||Berlin-Tegel||802,000||Lufthansa, Air Berlin|
|2||Hamburg||745,100||Lufthansa, Air Berlin|
|3||London-Heathrow||620,500||British Airways, Lufthansa|
|5||Madrid||459,400||Iberia, LAN Airlines, Lufthansa, Spanair|
|6||Chicago-O’Hare||451,700||American Airlines, Lufthansa, United Airlines|
|7||Vienna||450,200||Adria Airways, Austrian Airlines, Lufthansa, Niki|
|8||Paris-Charles de Gaulle||448,200||Air France, Lufthansa|
|9||Singapore||429,500||Lufthansa, Qantas, Singapore Airlines|
|10||New York-JFK||365,400||Delta, Lufthansa, Singapore Airlines|
|11||Istanbul-Atatürk||355,900||Condor, Lufthansa, Turkish Airlines|
|12||Dubai||337,700||Condor, Emirates, Lufthansa|
|13||Washington-Dulles||334,900||Lufthansa, United Airlines|
|14||Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi||330,900||Lufthansa, Thai Airways|
|15||Rome-Fiumicino||320,300||Alitalia, Ethiopian Airlines, Lufthansa|
|16||Tokyo-Narita||302,600||All Nippon Airways, Japan Airlines, Lufthansa|
|19||Toronto-Pearson||289,100||Air Canada, Air Transat, Lufthansa|
|20||Antalya||285,000||Condor, Pegasus Airlines, Sky Airlines, SunExpress, TUIFly, XL Airways|
|22||Palma de Mallorca||280,000||Air Berlin, Condor, TUIfly, Lufthansa|
|23||San Francisco||277,300||Lufthansa, United Airlines|
|24||Copenhagen||276,400||Lufthansa, Scandinavian Airlines|
|25||Zurich||272,700||Lufthansa, Swiss International Air Lines|
|26||Beijing-Capital||270,500||Air China, Lufthansa|
|27||Shanghai-Pudong||264,900||Air China, China Eastern Airlines, Lufthansa|
|28||Stockholm-Arlanda||264,000||Lufthansa, Scandinavian Airlines|
|30||Lisbon||253,900||Lufthansa, TAP Portugal|
|31||Seoul-Incheon||236,400||Asiana Airlines, Korean Air, Lufthansa|
|32||Athens||228,100||Aegean Airlines, Lufthansa|
|33||São Paulo-Guarulhos||223,500||Lufthansa, TAM Airlines|
|35||Hong Kong||221,700||Cathay Pacific, Lufthansa|
|36||Moscow-Domodedovo||220,500||Lufthansa, S7 Airlines, Transaero|
|37||Prague||220,000||Czech Airlines, Lufthansa|
|38||Dublin||214,700||Aer Lingus, Lufthansa|
|39||Oslo-Gardermoen||213,300||Lufthansa, Scandinavian Airlines|
|40||Tel Aviv||211,300||El Al, Lufthansa, Sun d’Or International Airlines|
So that was 270,500 + 264,900 + 221,700 = 757,100 passengers to China including Hong Kong in 2010.
535,400 without Hong Kong.
|1 (1)||New York City – JFK||2,969,530||2,478,722|
|4 (4)||Hong Kong||1,386,779||1,528,886|
|6 (6)||Paris – CDG||1,299,701||1,338,307|
|7 (9)||Frankfurt am Main||1,266,240||1,201,354|
|8 (7)||Los Angeles||1,189,309||1,235,549|
|9 (8)||Chicago – O’Hare||1,138,012||1,218,516|
|12 (15)||Rome – Fiumicino||1,032,872||945,369|
|16 (12)||Toronto – Pearson||940,448||1,013,477|
|17 (14)||Washington – Dulles||920,514||1,001,468|
|19 (19)||Stockholm – Arlanda||912,362||891,493|
|24 (18)||San Francisco||860,617||892,735|
|26 (31)||Istanbul – Atatürk||855,071||653,169|
|32 (26)||Tokyo – Narita||683,186||753,997|
|33 (35)||Milan – Linate||647,636||599,415|
|36 (35)||Bangkok – Suvarnabhumi||597,826||599,574|
|37 (39)||Berlin – Tegel||596,543||513,659|
. Shanghai + Beijing (2010) 662,690
As Heathrow has such high numbers of passengers, the figures to Shanghai and Beijing are not shown in the top 39. But the CAA figure is 662,690.
Hong Kong alone had 1,386,779 passengers in 2010 from Heathrow. A much higher number than Frankfurt or Paris.
2011 figures from the CAA link show that there were 662,000 passengers travelling to Shanghai and Beijing, and 1,412,826 passengers to Hong Kong (all from Heathrow apart from 286).
That makes a total of 2,074,826 passengers to China including Hong Kong in 2011.
And 1,993,593 passengers to China including Hong Kong in 2010 link
And 2,065,130 passengers including Hong Kong in 2009. (There were slightly less to Beijing and Hong Kong in 2010 than in 2009, but more to Shanghai).
CAA international passenger figures for 2011
International Air Passenger Traffic To and From Reporting Airports for 2011
Comparison with the Previous Year
Guangzhou and Hanghou direct flights were added in 2011.
In 2009 there were 1,061,518 passengers to China. No more up to date information is available.
World’s busiest airports – 2010 Statistics – figures show the total of airports serving the city combined.
London has by far the most.
The following list is generated from two lists compiled by CAPA Centre for Aviation based on data from Airports Council International, one ranking cities with multiple airports and the other ranking individual airports.
|1.||London||127,353,419||Heathrow, Gatwick, Stansted, Luton, London City, Southend|
|2.||New York City||107,586,717||JFK, Newark, LaGuardia, Westchester, Long Island, Stewart|
|5.||Paris||86,203,669||Charles de Gaulle, Orly, Beauvais|
|7.||Los Angeles||79,981,524||LAX, Long Beach, Bob Hope, John Wayne, Ontario|
|10.||Dallas/Fort Worth||64,867,419||DFW, Love Field|
and it continues ….