Gatwick publishes its 3 options for a southern 2nd runway enabling up to 87 mppa

Gatwick Airport has announced its preferred location for a 2nd runway and submitted its  plans to the Airports Commission. There are 3 slightly different plans, all for a runway to the south of the existing runway – close, medium or wide spaced. The close runway could not work independently of the existing runway, while the others (at least 750 metres south) could. With the wide spaced runway, over 1,035 metres south, Gatwick could have 95 movements per hour, enabling it to have some 87 million passengers per year (compared to 66 mppa for the close option, and 82 mppa for the medium). Gatwick has managed to get support from the local business lobbies in the area for its plans, and some local council support. Gatwick’s CEO, Stewart Wingate said a 2nd Gatwick runway would cost between £5bn and £9bn and could be open by 2025. Gatwick is selling its plans to the Airports Commission on how many fewer people would be affected by noise than at Heathrow, and that it would be cheaper than some other options. Gatwick wants London to have a “constellation” system, with 3 airports each with two runways, at Heathrow, Gatwick and Stansted.


Gatwick’s plans are at: “Proposals for providing Additional Runway Capacity in the Longer Term

Gatwick 2nd runway plans – to increase airport to larger than Heathrow is now – opposed by GACC   (see below)


1.  This is the close spaced option for the 2nd runway, some 600 – 700 metres south of the existing runway. “Dependent Segregated Mode”

Gatwick close spaced runway about 600m 66 mppa



2This is the medium spaced option for the 2nd runway, some over 750 metres, but under 1,000 metres or so , south of the existing runway. “Independent Segregated Mode”

Gatwick medium spaced runway under 1035 metres 82mppa



3. This is the wide spaced option for the 2nd runway, over 1,035 metres south of the existing runway.  “Independent Mixed Mode”

Gatwick wide spaced runway over 1035 metres 87 mppa



This is what Gatwick airport says on its website about its 2nd runway submission to the Airports Commission:

A new runway

According to the Department for Transport, London airports will be full by 2030 and our own forecast shows Gatwick will be full by the mid-2020s. We have the space, capability and financial resources to build a new runway that would deliver the needed capacity.

We’ve put together a detailed proposal exploring options for additional capacity at the airport, while remaining committed to the 1979 legal agreement with our local communities for no runway to be built before 2019.

Our proposal has been submitted to the Airport’s Commission, the independent body set up by the Government to investigate London and UK’s future airport capacity needs, chaired by Sir Howard Davies. The Airports Commission is examining the need for additional UK airport capacity and will make a recommendation to government on how this can be met in the short, medium and long term.

You can view Gatwick’s full submission here.

For more information about Gatwick’s vision go to

Why Gatwick?

We believe that expansion at Gatwick will meet London and the UK’s connectivity needs for a generation, boost choice and enhance competition.

  • Expansion at Gatwick will cost between £5 and £9 billion – a fraction of the cost of expansion at Heathrow. Our solution would be privately financed and would not require substantial government subsidy – as Heathrow or an Estuary airport would
  • A second runway can be open in 2025
  • Noise impacts will be substantially lower than for Heathrow’s plans –a two runway Gatwick will affect fewer than 5% of the people Heathrow impacts today
  • A two-runway Gatwick will not breach European and national air quality standards – Heathrow breaches them today
  • Runway plans are backed by key local authorities and business groups.

“Our evidence shows clearly that an additional runway at Gatwick would best serve the needs of all passengers, and give certainty to airlines, communities and businesses.  It would deliver the connectivity the UK needs with lower environmental impacts, whilst spreading the economic benefits.” Stewart Wingate, Chief Executive Officer.



Gatwick 2nd runway plans – to increase airport to larger than Heathrow is now – opposed by GACC

Date added: July 23, 2013

GACC, the Gatwick Area Conservation Campaign, are deeply opposed to the plans for a new Gatwick runway because they wish to protect the towns, villages and countryside of Surrey, Sussex and west Kent from the impact of an airport which would be bigger than Heathrow today. The plans show Gatwick growing from 34 million passengers today to around 90 million. According to Brendon Sewill, chairman of GACC: “When people begin to realise what is likely to hit them, there will be a tidal wave of public resistance.” The plans make it clear that GAL’s preferred option is the wide-spaced runway – only a few hundred yards (or less?) from the residential area of Crawley. But amazingly little detail is given. No airport boundary is shown. No indication of where a new terminal (which would need to be bigger than T5) would located. The GAL submission rules out a close parallel runway because ‘the capacity benefit is relatively small’. And rules out a middle width option because there would be no room for a new terminal. There are huge environmental costs of trying to build a full-scale new runway as shown in the plans, with double the air pollution, double or more the CO2 emissions and double the road traffic.

Click here to view full story…



BBC report on the Gatwick proposals:

Gatwick Airport announces second runway plan

The airport has revealed details of its final submission to the Davies Commission

Gatwick Airport has announced its preferred location for a second runway.

The airport has revealed details of its final submission to the Davies Commission, which is looking at raising airport capacity.

Chief executive Stewart Wingate said the airport wanted a second runway to be positioned south of the existing airport.

He said there was a “robust and compelling case” for going ahead with the plans.

Mr Wingate said building an extra runway at Gatwick could be privately financed and was “the best and most deliverable solution”.

Several options have been put forward for increasing aviation capacity including the expansion of Gatwick in West Sussex, the expansion of Heathrow, the building of a new hub airport in the Thames Estuary, and greater use of existing regional airports across the South East.

‘Constellation system’

Mr Wingate said expansion at Gatwick would cost between £5bn and £9bn and the second runway could be open by 2025.

He said the plans had the support of business groups including the Gatwick Diamond Initiative and Sussex Enterprise and local authorities including West Sussex County Council and Kent County Council.

He added: “A two-runway Gatwick, as part of a constellation of three major airports surrounding London, will also provide flexibility in an industry where the only constant is change.”

He said other world cities, including New York, Tokyo, Paris and Moscow, also operated a multi-airport or “constellation” system and could handle greater numbers of passengers than cities relying on a single hub.

‘Environmental concerns’

The airport has set out three options for configuring and operating a southern parallel runway.

Gatwick said the first option would have capacity of 60-66 million passengers a year by 2050, compared with option two which could take up to 82 million, and the third option allowing up to 87 million a year.

Louise Goldsmith, leader of West Sussex County Council, said the authority had supported the Gatwick expansion because of the “huge potential economic benefits” for the county.

She added: “We want to work with Gatwick, residents and partners to ensure that any development will take into account the environmental concerns that people rightly have, and include all of the essential infrastructure that a development of this scale would require.”

Paul Gresham, chairman of the Gatwick Diamond Initiative which represents businesses in the area, said the expansion would bring thousands of new jobs.

He added: “Businesses are telling us that they want and support a second runway.”



This is Surrey report on the Gatwick proposals:

Plans for Gatwick’s second runway unveiled

 July 23, 2013

by ChrisMadden

GATWICK Airport has unveiled plans for a second runway which could maintain London’s aviation strength, but lead to 100 people losing their homes.

The plan, which would see Gatwick, Heathrow and Stanstead form a constellation of two-runway airports, were presented to the Airport Commission on Friday.

But the plans released this morning reveal the scheme could cost up to £9 billion and leave 11,800 affected by noise – compared to around 3,300 now.

Gatwick claims the runway, which would be located to the south of the existing runway, could be open by 2025, with the potential to increase the airport’s capacity to 87 million passengers per year by 2050.

It could also increase the number of flights to up to 100 movements per hour across the two runways.

But airport chiefs claim the new plan is the most effective way of expanding the South East’s airport capacity, which is seen as a vital move in securing the area’s financial future.

Gatwick CEO Stewart Wingate said: “London is the best connected city in the world today because the UK’s aviation industry is one of the most competitive and innovative. Our proposal to the Airports Commission builds on this foundation and would ensure that the UK has an airports policy which offers the additional capacity that Britain needs, improves the resilience of the airports system and, above all, can be delivered.

“Our evidence shows clearly that an additional runway at Gatwick would best serve the needs of all passengers, and give certainty to airlines, communities and businesses. It would deliver the connectivity the UK needs with lower environmental impacts, whilst spreading the economic benefits.

“A two-runway Gatwick, as part of a constellation of three major airports surrounding London, will also provide flexibility in an industry where the only constant is change.”

Land for the proposed runway has been set aside since 2003 but the plans reveal between 50-100 homes could be lost for the development.

The scheme, which could cost between £5 billion – £9 billion, could be privately financed, according to airport chiefs, compared to the expansion of Heathrow which would require government funding.

The proposal is just one submission the Airport Commission will receive, with Heathrow proposing an expansion which would see it become a hub airport.

But Gatwick chiefs claim the 11,800 people potentially affected by noise from the new runway is only 5 per cent of the number who would suffer if Heathrow expanded.

They also claim a two-runway Gatwick would also not breach European and national air quality standards.

Local business leaders have thrown their support behind the scheme, which could apparently create around 19,000 and up to £56 billion of investment up to 2050.

Paul Gresham, chair of the Gatwick Diamond Initiative said: “The £19.2bn Gatwick Diamond economy has developed over fifty years as a result of the location of London Gatwick Airport. International businesses have already chosen the Gatwick Diamond to locate their UK and European headquarters and many more will be attracted as Gatwick grows its routes with a second runway proposal.

“Thousands of new knowledge sector jobs will be created; transport, housing and town infrastructure developed and UK Plc will be benefit. Businesses are telling us that they want, and support a second runway and that Gatwick Diamond Initiative is delighted to support Gatwick’s submission to the Airports Commission.”

The plans lay out three options for the runway which will be parallel and to the south, either working alongside or separately to the existing runway.



Gatwick bids for second runway as alternative to Heathrow expansion

Sixty years after idea was first mooted, owners proposing new runway to south of existing one

23 JULY 2013

Safer, quieter, cheaper: those are the likely benefits of a second runway at Gatwick, according to the airport’s chief executive.

Stewart Wingate has revealed the Sussex airport’s submission to the Davies Commission, which is studying the aviation capacity crunch in south-east England.

Sixty years after the idea was first mooted, Gatwick’s owners are proposing a new runway to the south of the existing main runway. An agreement not to build another runway expires in 2019, and the expanded airport could be ready by 2025.

Three options have been presented to Sir Howard Davies’ commission: a close-spaced, medium-spaced or wide-spaced runway. The first would not allow both runways to be used simultaneously, but could double the present annual passenger numbers to 66 million. The middle option would allow one runway to be used for take-offs and the other for landings, and increase capacity to 82 million – leapfrogging Heathrow’s current passenger numbers.

A wide-spaced runway would allow full “mixed-mode” operations, with take-offs and landings from both runways extracting a maximum capacity of 87 million passengers.

The airport’s submission asserts that, in terms of safety, “expanding Gatwick would be preferable to expanding locations closer to densely populated areas”. This is a reference to Heathrow’s plans for a third runway, which require flight paths that traverse Greater London.

Gatwick’s owners claim that, even with a second runway, the number of people affected by noise would be only five per cent of those currently affected in the environs of Heathrow.

The cost is estimated at between £5bn and £9bn, including improvements to road and rail links. Heathrow’s proposals for a third runway range between £14bn and £18bn.

Mr Wingate told The Independent: “Our scheme would be privately funded and be completed at a fraction of the cost of another runway at Heathrow”. He said that charges at Gatwick would rise to pay for the expansion, but at “nowhere near the levels that Heathrow is talking about”.

Gatwick’s submission insists that a second runway would give London’s airport system greater resilience to bad weather. At present the Sussex airport is much quieter in winter, when weather-related disruption is most likely, than in summer

Gatwick’s owners have called for a “constellation of airports” around the capital, with a second runway at Stansted in due course to stimulate competition. But Heathrow’s submission to the Davies Commission maintains: “Gatwick’s proposal for three competing two-runway airports in the south east would not deliver a UK hub with the size and scale to compete internationally. The UK needs one Premier League airport to compete, not three second-tier airports.”

Meanwhile Heathrow has stepped up its campaign to raise passenger charges above the rate of inflation. A survey conducted by Europe’s busiest airport claims passengers they would be willing to pay a mean increase in charges of £44 per journey rather than see investment fall. The airport is proposing a £5 rise over five years.

Colin Matthews, chief executive of Heathrow, said: “We’re making clear that passengers want these improvements and are prepared to pay for them”.



More information from Gatwick Airport

Our supporting evidence for a second runway at Gatwick includes documents, papers and responses which are published below:

Gatwick Airport – Proposals for providing additional runway capacity in the longer term
– 23 July 2013

Gatwick Airport – Response to paper 4 on airport operational models – 11 July 2013

Aviation and climate change paper – 16 May 2013

Short and medium term options paper – 16 May 2013

Aviation connectivity and the economy paper – 18 April 2013

Gatwick Airport – Proposed sifting criteria submission – 15 March 2013

Gatwick Airport – Demand forecast paper – 15 March 2013

Letter of intent from Stewart Wingate to Sir Howard Davies – 28 February 2013